Wudu (Ablution) – A Religious Obligation That Muslims Must Perform Before Prayers!

Wuhu or Ablution in Islam, is one of the most important rituals for Muslims, as we perform it at least five times a day before offering our daily prayers. It helps us attain purity and cleanliness. It makes us mentally and physically ready for our day by performing the steps of rinsing our mouth, washing hands, nose, face, ears, hair, arms, and feet.

Muslims pray directly to Allah and believe that one should prepare to do so with a clean heart, mind, and body out of humility and respect for the Almighty. Muslims only pray in a ritual state of purity, free from physical impurities or uncleanliness.

To do this, ceremonial washings, or wudu, are required before each formal prayer if one is in an unclean state. During ablution, a Muslim washes the body parts that are generally exposed to dirt and grime.

Wuḍūʾ is the Islamic procedure for cleansing body parts, a ritual purification or ablution. The 4 Fardh (Mandatory) acts of Wudu consist of washing the face, and arms, then wiping the head and the feet with water.

Wudu (Ablution) and its four steps

The Four Mandatory Steps of Wudhu although it is necessary to perform all the steps mentioned above to perform a valid wudhu, only four steps are mentioned in the Holy Qur’an.

O you, who have believed, when you rise to [perform] prayer, wash your faces and your forearms to the elbows and wipe over your heads and wash your feet to the ankles.” (Surah al-Maida, verse 6)

Performing wudu, as explained below, is based on the Qur’an and the authentic Sunnah of the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) as narrated by His Ahlu’ l-Bayt and his most reliable companions. 

  1. Make the Niyyah to perform wudu, center yourself, and quiet your thoughts.
  2. Wash your right hand thrice, followed by your left thrice.
  3. Swish water in the mouth once. (Three times)
  4. Lightly inhale water into your nose once. (Three times)
  5. Wash your face three times, from right to left, hairline to chin.
  6. Wash your lower arms from wrist to elbows, right to the left. (Three times)
  7. Wipe your ears and the outside part of the ear canal after washing your head from the forehead to the back.
  8. Wash both of your feet 3 times, right to the left.
  9. Recite the du’as after wudu.

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